The Monument to the Martyrs in Damascus by Abdo Kass-Khout in 1985. It was built to remember those fallen for Syria. Inside, it contains a large atrium that is sunken into the ground, recalling a crypt. The dome represents heaven as understood by the ancient cultures of the Levant featured in the Quran and the Bible. It was thought that the sky was a cupola of water held up by great pillars over earth that separated us from heaven. This, combined with Arab architectural features, helps to define the Syrian identity and demonstrates their complex and historical heritage.